Please answer each question below Question 1: A criticism of person-centered counseling or therapy is:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Its deterministic stanceÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Rigid steps in the counseling or therapy processÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Too few specifics regarding actions for the new counselor or therapistÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Overly confrontationalQuestion 2: Change during Gestalt counseling and psychotherapy comes about as clients become more aware of themselves through:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Using a continuum of awareness focused on how, what, and whereÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Using questions rather than statementsÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Using the third-person pronoun ?they?ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Addressing others indirectlyQuestion 3: Heidegger’s notions of choice, that each choice one makes represents the loss of an alternative, includes all of the following except:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. The past becomes important in terms of lost opportunities.ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Future choices are limited due to past choices and the time remaining to fulfill them.ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. We have the freedom to choose but must balance this with responsibility.ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Some choices are irrational and we need to train ourselves not to make them with rewards and punishments.Question 4: Which of the following is descriptive of what ?closure? means in existential counseling?ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Facing the end of the helping relationship is the final confrontation with reality. ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. It means stopping therapy at the end of the semester at a counseling center. ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. It is when counselors close out all of their files. ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. It is a relatively unimportant part of counseling. Question 5: Which of the following is not one of the three approaches to existential counseling?ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Dynamic existentialism ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Humanistic existentialism ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Cognitive/behavioral existentialism ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Transpersonal existentialism Question 6: All of the following are existential philosophers except:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Sartreÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Heideggerÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Tillichÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. BionQuestion 7: The three people credited for the development of Gestalt therapy are:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Perls, Burber, and Nitcheÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Perls, Perls, and Goodmanÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Rogers, Glassman, and Goodmanÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Perls, Kohler, and KoffkaQuestion 8: A phenomenological perspective:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Describes the concept that all persons view the world in a similar mannerÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Describes the concept that all persons have a unique perspectiveÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Describes the concept of the ?I-Thou? relationshipÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. None of the aboveQuestion 9: Awareness is the key to Gestalt therapy. Through awareness, the organism/person naturally proceeds toward:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Growthÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Integrationÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Differentiated unityÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. All of the aboveQuestion 10: Which of the following are major constructs of existentialism?ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Deathÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Freedomÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Isolationÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. All of the aboveQuestion 11: According to person-centered theory, for someone to be continuously believed and trusted by a client they must:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. years of professional experienceÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. be genuineÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. know the right questions to askÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. not make mistakesQuestion 12: One of the views that Gestalt theory holds regarding the individual is that he or she is:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Fully responsible for his/her behaviorÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Shaped by forces in the environmentÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Motivated by unconscious drivesÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Not able to become aware of himself or herself in the here and nowQuestion 13: The most important factor in the therapeutic alliance is the:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Quality and nature of the relationship between counselor or therapist and clientÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Counselor’s or therapist’s skillsÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Client’s willingness to work hardÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Depth of the problems being experiencedQuestion 14: In existential counseling, the client isÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. An existential partner with the counselorÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. A student learning from a teacherÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Analyzed by the counselorÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. None of the aboveQuestion 15: The word Gestalt is a German term that means:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Counselor/client working allianceÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Existential anxietyÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. The integration of parts into a perceptual wholeÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. The phenomenological fieldQuestion 16: As a person becomes more congruent, which of the following changes is most likely to be seen?ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Elimination of negative thoughtsÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Eradication of problem behaviorsÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Greater self-empowermentÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Success in a failing relationshipQuestion 17: The study of human experience through attending to the subjective observations of individuals is:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Retroflectionÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Empty chairÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Boundary disturbanceÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. PhenomenologyQuestion 18: Perls:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Had a passionate belief in the holistic nature of humankindÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Believed that human beings had the capacity and strength to grow, develop, and to become the persons that they desiredÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Asked clients to focus on why they behaved in certain waysÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Both “a” and “b” aboveQuestion 19: Which of the following is not a goal of existential counseling:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Confronting anxieties about the givens of existenceÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Developing meaning from everyday lifeÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Confronting irrational thoughts that lead to difficult emotionsÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Developing inner strengthQuestion 20: Which statement is most descriptive of Buber’s “I-Thou ” relationship?ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. People speak about others, but seldom to them.ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. This relationship embodies a holy respect for the other person.ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. This relationship has little meaning, because there is little sense of self.ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. It shows a relationship that is condescending and not respectful.Question 21: Accurate _______ means that the counselor is able to both understand the client’s words, feelings, and perceptions of the world and communicate that understanding successfully.ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. empathyÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. congruenceÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. unconditional positive regardÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. genuinenessQuestion 22: Consider a client who feels that he is unlikable by others in his life. When the counseling discussion turns to how likeable the client is to the counselor or therapist, this is an example of:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Distracting the clientÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Empathic understandingÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Immediacyÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Self-actualizationQuestion 23: The founder of person-centered counseling is:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Carl Rogersÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Victor Franklÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Fritz Perlsÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Rollo MayQuestion 24: In order to be genuine, counselors:ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Have to practice using a ?poker face?ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Have to know themselvesÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Must use reflections of feelingÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. Should avoid analysis of transferenceQuestion 25: Active listening includes which of the following?ÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ a. Making good eye contactÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ b. Leaning toward the clientÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ c. Facing the clientÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ d. All of the above

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